The major Australian cities

Canberra

Canberra

(population 388,072) is the federal capital. Bathed by the Molonglo River, it is located on the shores of an artificial lake, the Burley Griffin, in a primarily agricultural region. It is a very modern-looking city, Canberra is the political and administrative centre of the country. Much of the local population is employed in the public sector, but also in tourism and light industries which are growing. Buildings worth being mentioned are the new Parliament, inaugurated in 1988, the fountain with a monument to Cook, in Lake Burley Griffin, the National Library (1968) and the Australian National Gallery (1982). Among the various educational and academic institutions, is the Australian National University (1946). The National Library in Canberra is home to the original drawings of the Opera House in Sydney.

Sydney

Sydney

Sydney (population 4,336,374) is the city with the highest population in the country, located in the state of New South Wales. Modern structures rise around perfectly preserved nineteenth century English styled buildings and represent the memories and the heritage of the city. It spreads across the bay of the same name and extends beyond the coast from north to south. The ancient district is The Rocks, old port of call, while Manly is a well known seaside resort in the north and Bondi in the South. Places worthy of note include the Opera House, the Royal Botanic Garden, Harbour Bridge. A short distance from the skyscrapers of the city, in which are located financial and business activities, there is a stretch of parks and uncontaminated natural reserves and it is not difficult to meet along the way, in the greener suburban areas, kangaroos and wallabies roaming freely. According to the writer, Sydney is the most beautiful and liveable city in the world.

Melbourne

Melbourne

(population 3,806,092) , capital city of Victoria, is an important business, cultural, sporting and industrial centre, that developed in the mid-nineteenth century following the discovery of gold deposits. It is home to some of the world’s largest botanical gardens. Particularly famous is the Queen Victoria Market, which began its activities in 1878. The city is home to the F1 Grand Prix of Australia and the Australia Open. It hosts the largest Italian community in Australia with more than 100,000 people. Melbourne, unlike Sydney, in terms of architecture is distinctly modern, is classified as a European city, because of its urban set up more similar to that of cities such as Rome, Milan or Paris. Many Australians also define it as the cultural capital, seeing as it is home to major companies that promote shows and show business events and is the landmark of entertainment.

Brisbane

Brisbane

is the capital of Queensland. In the city it has a population of 957,010, while in the metropolitan area, which is very extensive, there are 1,867,594 (it is the third most densely populated city in the country). It represents the gateway of the Gold Coast and the Sunshine Coast, near the beautiful seaside Australian coral reef. It houses parts of the rainforest, which provide a pleasant view of the urban landscape. The economy is characterized by the presence of different companies operating both in tertiary and secondary sectors. Both public and private offices are located in BCBD, while industries are located in the lower part of the Brisbane River.

Perth

Perth

(population 1,554,769) located in the state of Western Australia, is the main settlement of the west coast. One of the most scenic areas of the city is Kings Park, which offers a superb view of the city. Worthy of note is the district of Northbridge, home to some of the best nightclubs in the city. The inhabitants of Perth are young and cheerful, full of vitality and optimism, thanks to the development and growth that the city is experiencing. The main beaches are Scarborough and Cottesloe, popular for surfers and kite surfing. The port of Fremantle is another area that has developed in recent years thanks to the presence of numerous clubs and most of all Italian restaurants. The presence of the prison and central market are of touristic interest for the port. There is a small airport in the heart of the city where every year there is the famous Red Bull Air Race World Championship.

Adelaide

Adelaide

is the fifth largest city (population 1,158,259). Port Adelaide turns out to be a very active area in terms of trade and tourism. In this city, a quiet and relaxed atmosphere reigns. It represents a major cultural centre and hosts, among others, the Adelaide Festival, a very popular and important Australian music festival. A city dedicated to viticulture, it is surrounded by rolling hills and prized vineyards, such as the Barossa Valley, where the landscape in some places recalls Monferrato and Tuscany in Italy.

Darwin

Darwin

(population 117,395) small capital of the Northern Territory. It is the only Australian city to be bombarded by the Japanese during the Second World War, it recently became popular for its appearance in the film “Australia”. It was destroyed by a hurricane in 1974 and subsequently almost completely rebuilt. It was once considered a “frontier town”, because it is distant from other important cities or towns and enclosed by desert and sea; today it has good prospects of growth, thanks to tourism and trade with Asian countries which are geographically very close.

 

footer